Publications

In Press
Wei QJ, Tucker CI, Wu PJ, Trueworthy AM, Tow EW, Lienhard JH. Impact of salt retention on true batch reverse osmosis energy consumption: experiments and model validation. Desalination. In Press.
2019
Wei QJ, Tucker CI, Wu PJ, Trueworthy AM, Tow EW, Lienhard JH. Batch reverse osmosis: experimental results, model validation, and design implications, in AMTA/AWWA Membrane Technology Conference. New Orleans, LA ; 2019.
Wei QJ, Tucker CI, Wu PJ, Trueworthy AM, Tow EW, Lienhard JH. True batch reverse osmosis prototype: model validation and energy savings, in International Desalination Association World Congress on Desalination and Water Reuse. Dubai, UAE ; 2019.
Swaminathan J, Tow EW, Stover RL, Lienhard JH. Practical aspects of batch RO design for energy-efficient seawater desalination. Desalination. 2019;470 :114097.
2018
Tow EW, Warsinger DM, Trueworthy AM, Swaminathan J, Thiel GP, Zubair SM, Myerson AS, Lienhard JH. Comparison of fouling propensity between reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, and membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science. 2018.
Nagy E, Hegedüs I, Tow EW, Lienhard JH. Effect of fouling on performance of pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) and forward osmosis (FO). Journal of membrane science. 2018;565 :450–462.
Warsinger DM, Tow EW, Maswadeh LA, Connors GB, Swaminathan J, Lienhard JH. Inorganic fouling mitigation by salinity cycling in batch reverse osmosis. Water research. 2018;137 :384–394.
Warsinger DM, Chakraborty S, Tow EW, Plumlee MH, Bellona C, Loutatidou S, Karimi L, Mikelonis AM, Achilli A, Ghassemi A, et al. A review of polymeric membranes and processes for potable water reuse. Progress in polymer science. 2018;81 :209–237.
Warsinger DM, Tow EW, Maswadeh LA, B.Connors G, Swaminathan J, Lienhard JH. Inorganic fouling mitigation by salinity cycling in batch reverse osmosis. Water Research. 2018;(137) :384-394.
Tow EW, Warsinger DM, Trueworthy AM, Swaminathan J, Thiel GP, Zubair SM, Myerson AS, Lienhard JH. Comparison of fouling propensity between reverse osmosis, forward osmosis, and membrane distillation. Journal of Membrane Science. 2018;556 :352-364.
2017
Warsinger DEM, John LHV, Tow EW, McGovern RK, Thiel GP. Batch Pressure-Driven Membrane Separation with Closed-Flow Loop and Reservoir. 2017.
Tow EW. Organic fouling of desalination membranes. 2017.
Swaminathan J, Stover R, Tow EW, Warsinger DM, Lienhard JH. Effect of practical losses on optimal design of batch RO systems. 2017.
Warsinger DM, Tow EW, Swaminathan J, others. Theoretical framework for predicting inorganic fouling in membrane distillation and experimental validation with calcium sulfate. Journal of Membrane Science. 2017;528 :381–390.
Tow EW, Lienhard JH. Unpacking compaction: Effect of hydraulic pressure on alginate fouling. Journal of Membrane Science. 2017;544 :221–233.
2016
Wei QJ, Tucker CI, Wu PJ, Trueworthy AM, Tow EW, Lienhard JH. Batch reverse osmosis: experimental results, model validation, and design implications. 2016.
Warsinger DM, Tow EW, Nayar K, Lienhard JH. Enhancing energy efficiency of reverse osmosis with batch and semi-batch processes., in IDA international Desalination Workshop (IDW2016), Abu Dhabi, UAE. ; 2016.
Paschkewitz JS, Tow E, Beck V, Melde K. Print head ink flow path with bubble removal grooves. 2016.
Warsinger DM, Tow EW, Nayar KG, Maswadeh LA, Lienhard JH. Energy efficiency of batch and semi-batch (CCRO) reverse osmosis desalination. Water research. 2016;106 :272–282.
Tow EW, Rencken MM, Lienhard JH. In situ visualization of organic fouling and cleaning mechanisms in reverse osmosis and forward osmosis. Desalination. 2016;399 :138–147.

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